Liste royale sumérienne

Categorie Textes Antiques 1
Categorie Textes Antiques 2
Date
-2000
Pages
7





Description - Textes Antiques

La liste royale sumérienne est un texte historiographique mésopotamien composé vers 2000 av. J.-C.. Il retrace l'histoire de la Mésopotamie depuis les origines supposées sur 432 000ans par la tradition de ce pays.

Cette liste a été établie à partir de plusieurs documents – tablettes, blocs de pierre – gravés en cunéiforme mis au jour dans le pays de Sumer (Irak moderne) et traduits aux xixe et xxe siècles.

(Source: Wikipédia ; sous Licence CC BY-SA 3.0)






Sources principales - Textes Antiques

 


Livre


 

Lorsque les dieux faisaient l'homme: Mythologie mésopotamienne
524. Liste Royale Sumériennes: Durée de vie de 43 200ans a 18 600ans avant déluge; puis chute a 1200/100ans

 

Chroniques mésopotamiennes

 

Sumerian King List

 






Textes - Textes Antiques - Langue Original
Texte Sumérien

The Sumerian king list

 

{
(In the following composite text, mss. are referred to by the sigla used by Vincente 1995; from those listed there, mss. Fi, Go, P6, and WB 62 were not used; if not specified by a note, numerical data come from ms. WB.)
1.    [nam]-lugal an-ta ed3-de3-a-ba (Cited in OB catalogue from Urim (U2), 0.2.04, line 25)
2.    /eridug\ki nam-lugal-la
3.    eridugki a2-lu-lim lugal
4.    mu 28800 i3-ak
5.    a2-lal3-jar mu 36000 i3-ak
6.    2 lugal
7.    mu-<bi> 64800 ib2-ak
8.    eridugki ba-cub
9.    nam-lugal-bi bad3-tibiraki-ce3
10.    ba-de6
11.    bad3-tibiraki en-me-en-lu2-an-na
12.    mu 43200 i3-ak
13.    en-me-en-gal-an-na
14.    mu 28800 i3-ak
15.    ddumu-zid sipad mu 36000 i3-ak
16.    3 lugal
17.    mu-bi 108000 ib2-ak
18.    bad3-tibiraki ba-cub-be2-en
19.    nam-lugal-bi la-ra-agki-ce3 ba-de6
20.    la-ra-agki en-sipad-zid-an-na
21.    mu 28800 i3-ak
22.    1 lugal
23.    mu-bi 28800 ib2-ak
24.    la-ra-agki ba-cub-be2-en
25.    nam-lugal-bi zimbirki-ce3 ba-de6
26.    zimbirki en-me-en-dur2-an-na
27.    lugal-am3 mu 21000 i3-ak
28.    1 lugal
29.    mu-bi 21000 ib2-ak
30.    zimbirki ba-cub-be2-en
31.    nam-lugal-bi curuppagki-<ce3> ba-de6
32.    curuppagki ubara-tu3-tu3
33.    lugal-am3 mu 18600 i3-ak
34.    1 lugal
35.    mu-bi 18600 ib2-ak
36.    5 iriki-me-ec
37.    8 lugal
38.    mu-<bi> 241200 ib2-ak
39.    a-ma-ru ba-ur3-«ra-ta»
40.    ejer a-ma-ru ba-ur3-ra-ta
41.    nam-lugal an-ta ed3-de3-a-ba
42.    kicki nam-lugal-la
43.    kicki jucurx(JIC.UR3)
44.    lugal-am3
45.    mu 1200 i3-ak
46.    kul2-la-si2-na-/be\-el
47.    mu {960} {(ms. P2+L2 has instead:) 900} i3-ak
48.    na-an-jic-li-ic-ma
49.    (ms. P2+L2 has:) {/670\} mu i3-ak
50.    en-tarah-an-na-ke4
51.    (ms. P2+L2 has:) {420} mu a-ra2 X [(X)]-am3 itid 3 ud 3 1/2 i3-ak
52.    ba-bu-um X [(X)]
53.    (ms. P2+L2 has:) {300} mu i3-[ak]
54.    pu-an-/nu-um\ mu {/840\} {(ms. P2+L2 has instead:) /240\} i3-ak
55.    ka3-li2-bu-um
56.    mu {960} {(ms. P2+L2 has instead:) 900} i3-ak
57.    ka-lu-mu-um mu {840} {(mss. P3+BT14, Su1 have instead:) 900} i3-ak
58.    zu2-qa2-qi4-ip
59.    mu {900} {(ms. Su1 has instead:) 600} i3-ak
(In mss. P2+L2, P3+BT14, P5, lines 60-61 precede lines 57-59.)
60.    {a2-tab} {(mss. P2+L2, P3+BT14, P5 have instead:) a2-ba} mu 600 i3-ak
61.    <mac-da3 dumu> a2-tab-ba mu {840} {(ms. Su1 has instead:) 720} i3-ak
62.    ar-wi-u2-um dumu mac-da3-ke4
63.    mu 720 i3-ak
64.    e-ta-na sipad lu2 an-ce3
65.    ba-ed3-de3
66.    lu2 kur-kur mu-un-gen6-na
67.    lugal-am3 mu {1500} {(ms. P2+L2 has instead:) 635} i3-ak
68.    ba-li-ih
69.    dumu e-ta-na-ke4
70.    mu {400} {(mss. P2+L2, Su1 have instead:) 410} i3-ak
71.    en-me-nun-na mu {660} {(ms. P2+L2 has instead:) 621} i3-ak
72.    me-lem4-kicki dumu en-me-nun-na-ke4
73.    mu 900 i3-ak
{
(ms. P3+BT14 adds 1 line:)
73A.    1560 mu bal en-me-nun-na-kam
}
74.    {bar-sal-nun-na dumu en-me-nun-na-ke4} {(mss. P5, P3+BT14 have instead:) bar-sal-nun-na}
75.    mu 1200 i3-ak
76.    zamug(DUB)za-mug dumu bar-sal-nun-na-ke4
77.    mu 140 i3-ak
78.    ti-iz-qar dumu zamug(DUB)za-mug-ke4
79.    mu 305! i3-ak
{
(ms. P3+BT14 adds 1 line:)
79A.    1620? + X X [X X] X MU?
}
80.    il-ku-u2 mu 900 i3-ak
81.    il-ta-sa-du-um
82.    mu 1200 i3-ak
83.    en-me-en-barag-ge-si
84.    lu2 ma-da elamki-ma
85.    jictukul-bi ib2-ta-an-gam
86.    lugal-am3 mu 900 i3-ak
87.    ag-ga3
88.    dumu en-me-en-barag-ge-si-ke4
89.    mu 625 i3-ak
{
(ms. P3+BT14 adds 2 lines:)
89A.    /1525 mu\ [bal]
89B.    en-me-/barag\-[ge4-e-si]
}
90.    23 lugal
91.    mu-bi 24510 itid 3
92.    ud 3 ud 1/2 ib2-ak
93.    kicki jictukul ba-an-sag3
94.    nam-lugal-bi e2-an-na-ce3 ba-de6
95.    e2-an-na-ka
96.    mec3-ki-aj2-ga-ce-er
97.    dumu dutu en-am3
98.    lugal-am3 mu {/324\} {(ms. P2+L2 has instead:) 325} i3-ak
99.    mec3-ki-aj2-ga-ce-er
100.    ab-ba ba-an-kur9
101.    hur-saj-ce3 ba-an-ed3
102.    en-me-er-kar2 dumu mec3-ki-aj2-ga-ce-er
103.    lugal unugki-ga lu2 unugki
104.    {mu-un-du3-a} {(mss. L1+N1, P2+L2 have instead:) mu-un-da-du3-a}
105.    lugal-am3
106.    mu {420} {(ms. TL has instead:) X + 900} i3-ak
{
(ms. P3+BT14 adds 1 line:)
106A.    745 mu [bal] mec3-ki-in-ga-ce?-[er]
}
{
(ms. TL adds instead the line:)
106B.    en-am3 lugal-SI.NAM.SAR /mu\ [X] + /5\ in-ak
}
}
107.    dlugal-ban3-da sipad
108.    mu 1200 i3-ak
109.    ddumu-zid cu-KU6
110.    iriki-ni kuaraki
111.    mu {100} {(ms. TL has instead:) 110} i3-ak
{
(ms. P3+BT14 adds 2 lines:)
111A.    cu dili en?-me-barag-ge4-e-si
111B.    nam-ra /i3?\-ak?
}
112.    dgilgamec3
113.    ab-ba-ni lil2-la2
114.    en kul-ab-ba-ke4
115.    mu 126 i3-ak
116.    ur-dnun-gal
117.    dumu dgilgamec2
118.    mu 30 i3-ak
119.    u-dul3-kalam-ma
120.    dumu {ur-dnun-gal-ke4} {(ms. Su1 has instead:) ur-lugal-ke4}
121.    mu 15 i3-ak
122.    la-ba-/a'?-cum?\
123.    mu 9 i3-ak
124.    en-nun-tarah-an-na
125.    mu 8 i3-ak
126.    /mec3?\-he2 simug mu 36 i3-ak
127.    {me-lem4-an-na} {(ms. Su2 has instead:) til3-kug X [...]}
128.    mu {6} {(ms. Su2 has instead:) 900} i3-ak
129.    lugal-ki-tun3? mu {36} {(ms. Su2 has instead:) 420} i3-ak
130.    12 lugal
131.    mu-bi {2310} {(ms. Su2 has instead:) 3588} ib2-ak
132.    unugki jictukul ba-an-sag3
133.    nam-lugal-bi urim2ki-ce3 ba-de6
134.    urim2ki-ma
135.    mec3-an-ne2-pad3-da
136.    lugal-am3 mu 80 i3-ak
137.    {mec3-ki-aj2-dnanna} {(ms. P2+L2 has instead:) mec3-ki-aj2-nun-na}
138.    dumu mec3-an-ne2-pad3-da
139.    lugal-am3
140.    mu {36} {(ms. P2+L2 has instead:) 30} i3-ak
141.    e-lu-lu mu (mss. L1+N1, P2+L2, P3+BT14 have:) {25} i3-ak
142.    ba-lu-lu (mss. L1+N1, P2+L2, P3+BT14 have:) {36} mu i3-ak
143.    (mss. L1+N1, P2+L2, P3+BT14 have:) {4} lugal
144.    mu-bi (mss. L1+N1, P2+L2 have:) {/171\} ib2-ak
145.    urim2ki [jictukul] ba-an-sag3
146.    nam-lugal-[bi]
147.    a-wa-anki-[ce3] [ba-de6]
148.    a-wa-anki-[na]
149.    [... lugal-am3]
150.    [mu ... i3-ak]
1 line missing
152.    mu [... i3-ak]
153.    ku-ul-[...]
154.    mu 36 [i3-ak]
155.    3 [lugal]
156.    mu-bi /356\ [ib2-ak]
157.    a-wa-anki jic/tukul\ [ba]-/an\-sag3
158.    nam-lugal-bi
159.    kicki-ce3 /ba-de6\
160.    kicki su8-sud3-da lu2azlag2
161.    lugal-am3
162.    mu 201 + X /i3\-ak
163.    da-da-sig mu (ms. vD has:) {81} i3-ak
164.    ma2-ma2-gal lu2ma2-lah4-e
165.    mu {360} {(ms. L1+N1 has instead:) 420} i3-ak
166.    ka-al-bu-um
167.    dumu {ma2-ma2-gal-ke4} {(ms. WB has instead:) ma2-gal-gal-/la\}
168.    mu {195} {(ms. L1+N1 has instead:) 132} i3-ak
169.    TUG2-e mu 360 i3-ak
170.    men-nun-na {(ms. L1+N1 adds:) dumu TUG2-e-ke4} mu 180 i3-ak
171.    i-bi-X-X
172.    mu 290? i3-ak
(In mss. L1+N1, TL, line 173 precedes lines 171-172.)
173.    lugal-ju10 mu {360} {(ms. L1+N1 has instead:) 420} i3-ak
174.    8 lugal
175.    mu-bi {3195} {(ms. L1+N1 has instead:) 3792} ib2-ak
176.    kicki jictukul ba-an-sag3
177.    nam-lugal-bi
178.    ha-ma-zi2ki-ce3 ba-de6
179.    ha-ma-zi2ki-a ha-da-ni-ic
180.    lugal-am3
181.    mu 6 cu-ci i3-ak
182.    1 lugal
183.    mu-bi 6 cu-ci ib2-ak
184.    ha-ma-zi2ki jictukul ba-an-sag3
(In mss. IB, L1+N1, TL, the 2nd dynasty of Unug of lines 185-191 is preceded by the 2nd dynasty of Urim of lines 192-203.)
185.    {nam-lugal-bi unugki-ce3 ba-de6} {(ms. P3+BT14 has instead:) [nam]-/lugal\ a-ra2 2-kam-ma-ce3 [unug]ki-ce3? ba?-e?-gur?}
186.    unugki-ga en-cakkan2-ca4-an-na
187.    lugal-am3 mu 1 cu-ci i3-ak
188.    {lugal-ur-e} {(ms. P3+BT14 has instead:) lugal-ki-/ni?-ce3?\-[du7-du7]} 2 cu-ci mu i3-/ak\
189.    ar-ga-an-de2-a 7 mu i3-ak
190.    (ms. L1+N1 has:) {3} lugal mu-bi (ms. L1+N1 has:) {187} ib2-ak
191.    unugki {jictukul ba-sag3} {(ms. TL has instead:) ba-gul}
192.    /nam\-lugal-bi /urim2\-[ce3] [ba-de6]
193.    /urim2\-ma na-an-ni
194.    lugal-am3
195.    mu {(ms. vD has:) 120 + X} {(ms. IB has instead:) X + 54} i3-ak
196.    mec3-ki-aj2-d/nanna\ dumu na-an-ni-ke4
197.    mu (ms. vD has:) {/48?\} i3-ak
{
198.    [...]-ak
199.    [...] X-ke4
200.    mu (ms. IB has:) {/2\} i3-ak
201.    (ms. IB has:) {3} lugal
202.    mu-bi {(ms. IB has:) 582} {(ms. TL has instead:) /578\} ib2-ak
}
{
(instead of lines 198-202, ms. vD has 2 lines:)
A.    2 /lugal\
B.    mu-bi 120 + X /i3\-ib2-ak
}
203.    urim2ki {jictukul ba-sag3} {(ms. TL has instead:) /ba-gul\}
204.    [nam]-lugal-/bi\ adabki-ce3 ba-de6
205.    adabki-/ba?\ lugal-an-ne2-mu-un-du3
206.    lugal-am3 mu (mss. L1+N1, TL have:) {90} in-ak
207.    (mss. L1+N1, TL have:) {1} lugal
208.    mu-bi (mss. L1+N1, TL have:) {90} in-ak
209.    adabki {jictukul ba-an-sag3} {(ms. TL has instead:) tukul ba-gul}
210.    nam-lugal-bi ma-ri2ki-ce3 ba-de6
211.    ma-ri2ki-a AN.BU
212.    lugal-am3 mu {30} {(ms. TL has instead:) 90} i3-ak
213.    AN.BA dumu AN.BU-ke4
214.    mu {[17]} {(ms. TL has instead:) 7} i3-ak
215.    «AN» ba-zi lu2acgab mu 30 i3-ak
216.    zi-zi lu2azlag2 mu 20 i3-ak
217.    /li?\-im-er gudug mu 30 i3-ak
218.    carrum-i-ter mu {9} {(ms. TL has instead:) 7} i3-ak
219.    6 lugal
220.    mu-bi {136} {(ms. TL has instead:) /184\} i3-ak
221.    /ma\-riki {[jictukul] ba-an-sag3} {(ms. TL has instead:) ba-gul}
222.    nam-lugal-bi
223.    kicki-ce3 ba-de6
224.    kicki-a kug-dba-u2
225.    flu2-kurun-na
226.    suhuc kicki mu-un-gen6-na
227.    lugal-am3 mu 100 i3-ak
228.    1 lugal
229.    mu-bi 100 i3-ak
230.    kicki {[jictukul] ba-an-sag3} {(ms. TL has instead:) /ba-gul\}
231.    nam-lugal-bi akcakki-<ce3> ba-de6
232.    akcakki-a un-zi
233.    lugal-am3 mu 30 i3-ak
234.    un-da-lu-lu mu {6} {(mss. L1+N1, S have instead:) 12} i3-ak
235.    ur-ur mu 6 {i3-ak} {(ms. IB has instead:) jal2}
236.    puzur4-dnirah mu (mss. IB, L1+N1, S, Su1 have:) {20} i3-ak
237.    i-cu-il mu (mss. IB, L1+N1, S, Su1 have:) {24} i3-ak
238.    cu-dsuen dumu i-cu-il-la-ke4 mu {(mss. IB, L1+N1, S, TL have:) 7} {(ms. Su1 has instead:) 24} i3-ak
239.    {(mss. S, Su1, TL have:) 6} {(ms. IB has instead:) 5} lugal
240.    mu-bi {(mss. L1+N1, S, TL have:) 99} {(ms. Su1 has instead:) 116} {(ms. IB has instead:) 87} ib2-ak
241.    {akcakki jictukul ba-sag3} {(ms. S has instead:) akcakki-a bal-bi ba-kur2}
242.    nam-lugal-bi
243.    kicki-ce3 ba-de6
(Mss. IB, S, Su1, Su3+Su4 list the 3rd and 4th dynasty of Kic of lines 224-231 and lines 244-258, respectively, as one dynasty; IB places Akcak after the 3rd/4th dynasty of Kic; S, Su1 place Akcak before the 3rd/4th dynasty of Kic.)
244.    kicki-a puzur4-dsuen
245.    dumu kug-dba-u2-ke4
246.    lugal-am3 mu 25 i3-ak
247.    ur-dza-ba4-ba4
248.    dumu puzur4-dsuen-/na\-ke4
249.    mu {400} {(mss. P3+BT14, S have instead:) 6} {(ms. IB has instead:) 4 + X} i3-ak
{
(ms. P3+BT14 adds 1 line:)
249A.    131? mu /bal\ kug-ba-u2-/kam\
}
250.    {zi-mu-dar} {(ms. TL has instead:) zi-ju10-i3-/ak\-e} mu {30} {(ms. IB has instead:) 30 + X} i3-ak
251.    u2-si2-wa-tar2 dumu {zi-mu-dar-ra-ke4} {(ms. TL has instead:) zi-/ju10\-i3-ak-e} mu {7} {(ms. S has instead:) 6} i3-ak
252.    ec4-tar2-mu-ti mu {11} {(ms. Su1 has instead:) /17?\} i3-ak
253.    ic-me-dcamac mu 11 i3-ak
{
(ms. Su1 adds 2 lines:)
253A.    cu-i3-li2-cu
253B.    15 mu i3-ak
}
254.    {na-an-ni-ia zadim} {(ms. Su1 has instead:) zi-mu-dar} {(ms. IB has instead:) be-li-[...]} mu {7} {(ms. S has instead:) 3} i3-ak
255.    {7} {(ms. S has instead:) 8} lugal
256.    mu-bi {491} {(ms. Su1 has instead:) 485} {(ms. S has instead:) 586} ib2-ak
257.    {kicki jictukul ba-an-sag3} {(ms. S has instead:) kicki bal-bi ba-/kur2\}
(Ms. IB omits the 3rd dynasty of Unug of lines 258-263.)
258.    {nam-lugal-bi unugki-ce3 ba-de6} {(ms. P3+BT14 has instead:) [nam]-/lugal?\ a-ra2? [3-kam-ma-ce3] /unug? ki-ce3?\ [ba-e-gur]}
259.    unugki-ga lugal-zag-ge-si
260.    lugal-am3 mu {25} {(ms. P3+BT14 has instead:) 34} i3-ak
261.    1 lugal
262.    mu-bi {25} {(ms. P3+BT14 has instead:) 34} i3-ak
263.    {unugki jictukul ba-an-sag3} {(ms. S has instead:) unugki-ga bal-bi ba-kur2}
264.    nam-lugal-bi
265.    a-ga-de3ki-ce3 ba-de6
266.    a-ga-de3ki-a car-ru-ki-in
267.    ab-ba-ni nu-kiri6
268.    sagi ur-dza-ba4-ba4
269.    lugal a-ga-de3ki lu2 a-ga-de3ki
270.    {mu-un-du3-a} {(ms. L1+N1 has instead:) mu-un-da-du3-a}
271.    lugal-am3 mu {56} {(ms. L1+N1 has instead:) 55} {(ms. TL has instead:) 54} i3-ak
272.    ri2-mu-uc dumu car-ru-ki-in
273.    mu {9} {(ms. IB has instead:) 7} {(ms. L1+N1 has instead:) 15} i3-ak
274.    ma-ni-ic-ti-ic-cu
275.    cec-gal ri2-mu-uc
276.    dumu car-ru-ki-in
277.    mu {15} {(ms. L1+N1 has instead:) 7} i3-ak
278.    na-ra-am-/d\[suen]
279.    dumu ma-ni-ic-ti-ic-[cu]
280.    mu (mss. L1+N1, P3+BT14 have:) {56} i3-ak
281.    car-ka3-li2-car-ri2
282.    dumu na-ra-am-dsuen
283.    mu {(ms. L1+N1, Su+Su4 have:) 25} {(ms. P3+BT14 have instead:) 24} i3-ak
{
(ms. P3+BT14 adds 2 lines:)
283A.    /157\ mu [bal]
283B.    /car\-ru-ki2-nim
}
284.    {a-ba-/am3 lugal\ a-ba-am3 nu lugal} ({(mss. L1+N1, P3+BT14 have instead, in Akkadian:) ma-nu-um car3 ma-nu-um la car3)} {(ms. Su3+Su4 has instead:) a-ba lugal a-ba lugal-am3}
285.    ir-gi4-gi4 lugal
(In mss. L1+N1, Su3+Su4, the rulers listed in lines 286-287 are in reverse order.)
286.    i-mi lugal
287.    na-nu-um lugal
288.    i-lu-lu lugal
289.    (mss. P3+BT14, S have:) {4-bi} (mss. P3+BT14, S have:) {3} mu /ib2\-ak
290.    du-du mu 21 i3-ak
291.    cu-dur-ul3 dumu du-du-ke4
292.    mu {15} {(ms. IB has instead:) 18} i3-ak
293.    {11} {(ms. S has instead:) 12} {(mss. Su1, Su3+Su4, which omit the rulers in lines 290-291, have instead:) 9} lugal
294.    mu-bi {181} {(ms. S has instead:) 197} {(ms. Su1 has instead:) 161} {(ms. Su3+Su4 has instead:) 177} ib2-ak
295.    {a-ga-de3ki jictukul ba-an-sag3} {(ms. S has instead:) a-ga-de3ki bal-bi ba-kur2}
296.    nam-lugal-bi unugki-ce3 ba-de6
297.    unugki-ga ur-nijin3 lugal-am3
298.    mu {7} {(ms. IB, S have instead:) 3} {(ms. Su1 has instead:) 15} {(ms. Su3+Su4 has instead:) 30} i3-ak
299.    ur-jicgigir dumu ur-nijin3-ke4
300.    mu {6} {(ms. IB has instead:) 7} {(ms. Su1 has instead:) 15} {(ms. Su3+Su4 has instead:) 7} i3-ak
301.    kud-da mu 6 i3-ak
302.    puzur4-i3-li2 mu {5} {(ms. IB has instead:) 20} i3-ak
303.    {ur-dutu mu 6} {(ms. Su3+Su4 has instead:) ur-dutu dumu ur-jicgigir mu 25} {(ms. Su1 has instead:) lugal-me-lem4 dumu ur-jicgigir mu 7} i3-ak
304.    {5} {(ms. Su3+Su4, which omits the rulers in lines 301-302, has instead:) 3} lugal mu-bi {30} {(ms. IB has instead:) /43!\} {(mss. P4+Ha, S have instead:) 26} {(ms. Su3+Su4 has instead:) 47} ib2-ak
305.    {unugki jictukul ba-an-sag3} {(ms. S has instead:) unugki-ga bal-bi ba-kur2}
306.    nam-lugal-bi
307.    {ugnim} {(ms. Su3+Su4 has instead:) /ma-da\} gu-tu-umki-ce3 ba-de6
308.    {ugnim} {(ms. Su3+Su4 has instead:) [ma]-/da\} gu-tu-umki
{
309.    lugal mu nu-tuku
310.    ni2-ta-a lugal-am3 mu 3 i3-ak
}
{
(instead of lines 309-310, ms. L1+N1 has:)
C.    lugal nu-ub-tuku
D.    ni2-bi-a mu 5 i3-ak
}
311.    {in-ki-cuc2} {(ms. Su3+Su4 has instead:) [...]-/ga\-ba} mu {6} {(ms. L1+Ni1 has instead:) 7} i3-ak
312.    zar2-lagabla-gab mu 6 i3-ak
313.    {cul-me-e} {(ms. L1+N1 has instead:) ia-ar-la-ga-ac} mu 6 i3-ak
314.    {si-lu-lu-me-ec} {(ms. Mi has instead:) si-lu-lu} mu {6} {(ms. G has instead:) 7} i3-ak
315.    {i-ni-ma-ba-ke-ec mu 5} {(ms. Mi has instead:) dug3-ga 6 mu} i3-ak
316.    {i-ge4-ec-a-uc mu 6} {(ms. Mi has instead:) i-lu-AN mu 3} i3-ak
317.    ia-ar-la-gab mu {15} {(ms. Mi has instead:) 5} i3-ak
318.    i-ba-te mu 3 i3-ak
319.    {ia-ar-la} {(ms. L1+N1 has instead:) [ia]-/ar-la\-an-gab} mu 3 i3-ak
320.    {ku-ru-um} {(ms. L1+N1 has instead:) [...]-bi} mu {1} {(ms. Mi has instead:) 3} i3-ak
321.    /a\-pil-ki?-in mu 3 i3-ak
322.    [la-e2]-ra-bu-um mu 2 i3-ak
323.    i-ra-ru-um mu 2 i3-ak
324.    ib-ra-nu-um mu 1 i3-ak
325.    ha-ab-lum mu 2 i3-ak
326.    puzur4-dsuen dumu ha-ab-lum
326A.    mu 7 i3-ak
327.    [ia]-ar-la-ga-an-da mu 7 i3-ak
328.    [si]-/UD\ mu 7 i3-ak
329.    [ti-ri]-/ga\ ud 40 i3-ak
330.    21 lugal
331.    [mu-bi] {(ms. L1+N1 has:) 124 ud 40} {(ms. Su3+Su4 has instead:) 25} ib2-ak
332.    ugnim gu-ti-umki
333.    {jictukul ba-an-sag3} {(ms. TL has instead:) [ba]-/gul\}
334.    nam-lugal-bi unugki-ce3 ba-de6
335.    unugki-ga dutu-he2-jal2 [lugal]-am3
336.    mu {7 cu-ci 7 ud [...]} {(ms. IB has instead:) 26 [itid X] + 2 ud 15} {(ms. J has instead:) 7 itid /6\ ud [15]} {(ms. TL has instead:) 7 /itid 6 ud\ 5} i3-ak
337.    1 lugal
338.    mu-bi {7 cu-ci 7 /ud\ [...]} {(ms. J has instead:) [7] itid 6 ud 15} {(ms. TL has instead:) 7 itid 6 ud 5} i3-ak
339.    unugki jictukul ba-an-sag3
340.    nam-lugal-bi urim2ki-ce3 ba-de6
341.    urim2ki-ma ur-dnamma lugal-am3
342.    mu 18 i3-ak
343.    dcul-gi dumu ur-dnamma-ke4
344.    mu {46} {(mss. Su3+Su4, TL have instead:) 48} {(ms. P5 has instead:) 58} i3-ak
345.    damar-dsuen-na dumu dcul-gi-ke4
346.    mu {9} {(ms. Su3+Su4 has instead:) 25} i3-ak
347.    cu-dsuen dumu damar-dsuen-na-ke4
348.    mu {9} {(ms. P5 has instead:) 7} {(ms. Su1 has instead:) 20 + X} {(ms. Su3+Su4 has instead:) 16} i3-ak
349.    i-bi2-dsuen dumu cu-dsuen-ke4
350.    mu {24} {(mss. P5, Su1 have instead:) 25} {(ms. Su3+Su4 has instead:) 15} {(ms. TL has instead:) /23?\} i3-ak
351.    {4} {(mss. J, P5, Su1, Su3+Su4 have instead:) 5} lugal
352.    mu-bi {108} {(ms. P5 has instead:) 117} {(ms. Su1 has instead:) 120 + X} {(ms. Su3+Su4 has instead:) 123} ib2-ak
353.    {urim2ki-ma jictukul ba-an-sag3} {(ms. P5 has instead:) /urim2ki\ bal-bi ba-an-kur2}
{
(ms. Su3+Su4 adds 1 line:)
353A.    suhuc /ki\-[en-gi-ra] mu-/un\-[bu]
}
354.    nam-lugal-bi i3-si-inki-ce3 ba-de6
355.    i3-si-inki-na ic-bi-der3-ra lugal-am3
356.    mu {33} {(ms. P5 has instead:) 32} i3-ak
357.    cu-i3-li2-cu dumu ic-bi-der3-ra-ke4
358.    mu {20} {(ms. P5 has instead:) 10} {(ms. Su1 has instead:) 15} i3-ak
359.    i-din-dda-gan dumu cu-i3-li2-cu-ke4
360.    mu {21} {(ms. Su1 has instead:) 25} i3-ak
361.    ic-me-dda-gan dumu i-din-dda-gan-ke4
362.    mu {(mss. P2, P5 have:) 20} {(ms. Mi has instead:) 18} i3-ak
363.    li-pi2-it-ec4-tar2 dumu {ic-me-dda-gan-ke4} {(ms. P2 has instead:) di-din-[d]da-[gan]}
364.    mu (mss. L1+N1, P2, P5 have:) {11} i3-ak
365.    dur-dnin-urta {(mss. L1+N1, P2 add:) dumu dickur-ke4 mu he2-jal2-la bal sag9-ga til3 nij2 dug3-ga [(X)] ud ha-ba-/zal\-[zal-e]} mu (ms. P5 has:) {28} i3-ak
366.    dbur-dsuen dumu dur-dnin-urta-ke4
367.    mu 21 i3-ak
368.    dli-pi2-it-den-lil2
369.    dumu bur-dsuen-ke4 mu 5 i3-ak
370.    der3-ra-i-mi-ti mu {8} {(mss. P5, TL have instead:) 7} i3-ak
{
(ms. P5 adds 1 line:)
370A.    /DA?\ [X X X] (X) X itid 6 /in\-[ak]
}
371.    den-lil2-ba-ni mu 24 i3-ak
372.    dza-am-bi-ia mu 3 i3-ak
373.    di-te-er-pi4-ca mu 4 i3-ak
374.    dur-du6-kug-ga mu 4 i3-ak
375.    dsuen-ma-gir mu 11 i3-ak
{
(ms. P5 adds 1 line:)
375A.    da-/mi\-iq-i3-li2-cu dumu dsuen-ma-gir mu 23 [in-ak]
}
376.    14(source: 13) lugal
377.    mu-bi {203} {(ms. P5 has instead:) 225 itid 6} ib2-ak
(Mss. P2+L2, L1+N1 and P4+Ha conclude with a summary of the post-diluvian dynasties; the composite text of lines 378-431 uses numerical data from each ms. but follows the wording of P2+L2 and L1+N1.)
378.    cu-nijin2 40!-la2-[1 lugal]
379.    mu-bi /14400\ + [X] + 9 mu [3 itid 3 1/2 ud] ib2-ak
380.    a-ra2 4-[kam]
381.    cag4 kic[ki]
382.    /cu-nijin2\ 22 /lugal\
383.    mu-bi 2610 + [X] 6 itid 15 ud ib2-ak
384.    a-ra2 5-kam
385.    cag4 unugki-ga
386.    cu-nijin2 12 lugal
387.    mu-bi 396 mu ib2-ak
388.    /a-ra2\ 3-kam
389.    [cag4] urim2ki-ma
390.    /cu-nijin2\ 3 lugal
391.    mu-bi 356 mu ib2-ak
392.    a-ra2 1-kam
393.    cag4 a-wa-anki
394.    [cu]-nijin2 1 lugal
395.    mu-bi 420 mu [i3]-ak
396.    a-ra2 1-[kam]
397.    cag4 /ha?\-[ma]-/zi\ki-a
16 lines missing
414.    [cu-nijin2 12] lugal
415.    [mu-bi 60] + 137 [mu] ib2-ak
416.    [a]-/ra2\ 1-kam
417.    [cag4] /a\-ga-de3ki
418.    /cu-nijin2\ {21} {(ms. P4+Ha has instead:) 23} lugal
419.    mu-bi {125 mu 40 ud} {(ms. P4+Ha has instead:) 99} ib2-ak
420.    a-ra2 1-kam
421.    /cag4\ ugnim
422.    /gu\-ti-umki
423.    [cu-nijin] {11} {(ms. P4+Ha has instead:) 16} lugal
424.    [mu]-/bi\ {159} {(ms. P4+Ha has instead:) 226} mu ib2-ak
425.    [cag4] [i]-/si-in\ki-na
426.    11 iriki
427.    [iri]/ki\ nam-lugal-la /ib2\-ak-ka3
428.    [cu]-nijin2 {134} {(ms. P4+Ha has instead:) 139} lugal
429.    [cu]-nijin2
430.    mu-bi {28800 + [X] + 76} {(ms. P4+Ha has instead:) X + 3443}
431.    /21\

 

Print sources
Civil 1969a: commentary (l. 46)
Edzard 1957, p. 138-140: commentary (l. 370A)
Finkelstein 1963: score transliteration, handcopy, commentary
Frayne and George 1990: commentary (l. 43)
Glassner 1993, p. 69-87; 137-142: commentary, translation
Hallo 1963: handcopy, commentary, score transliteration
Jacobsen 1939: composite text, commentary, translation
Klein 1991a: commentary
Klein 1999: score transliteration
Kraus 1952: score transliteration, commentary
Nissen 1965: score transliteration, commentary
Römer 1984, p. 328-337: commentary, translation
Steiner 1988: commentary
Vincente 1995: score transliteration, commentary, photograph, handcopy
Wilcke 1987a, p. 89-93, fig. Tf. 35-36: score transliteration, commentary, photograph (IB 1564 + 1565)
Wilcke 1988: commentary
Wilcke 1989: commentary

Electronic sources
Krecher 1999: commentary

Cuneiform sources
Ash 1923, 444 (OECT 2 pl. 1ff.); provenance: Larsa (Source WB)
BM 108857 (CRAI 1911 606ff., photo RA 9 69); provenance: Sippar (Source S)
CBS 13293 (PBS 5 4, photo pl. 91) + CBS 13484 (both JCS 17 54); provenance: Nippur (Source P4+Ha)
CBS 13981 (PBS 5 2, photo pl. 90) (+) CBS 14223 (PBS 13 2) + N 3368 (JCS 15 80) (+) Ni 9712a-c (ISET 2 125; UMB 17 fig. 9); provenance: Nippur (Source P2+L2)
CBS 13994 (PBS 5 3, photo pl. 91) + Brockmon 14; provenance: Nippur (Source P3+BT14)
CBS 14220 (PBS 13 1) + Ni 9712 a-c (ISET 2 125); provenance: Nippur (Source L1+Ni1)
CBS 15365 = N 1610 (JCS 15 80); provenance: Nippur (Source P6 -- not used)
CBS 19797 (PBS 5 5); provenance: Nippur (Source P5)
IM 11053, 99 (TIM 9 36) (Source vD)
Jacobsen Coll. w/n (AS 11 217) (Source J)
MDP 28 p. 17ff. = RA 31 150f.; provenance: Susa (Source Su1)
MDP 28 p. 24f. = RA 31 160; provenance: Susa (Source Su2)
MDP 28 p. 26 = RA 31 162; provenance: Susa (Source Su3)
MDP 28 p. 27 = RA 31 164; provenance: Susa (Source Su4)
Ni 3195 (transliteration ZA 50 31f.); provenance: Nippur (Source Ni2)
PRAK C 112; provenance: Kic (Source G)
UCBC 9-1819 (JCS 17 40); provenance: Tutub (Source Fi -- not used)
UET 6 *263; provenance: Ur (not used)
UM 29-15-199 (Michalowski 1984); provenance: Nippur (Source Mi)
IB 1546+1565 (Wilcke 1987 pls. 35-36); provenance: Isin (Source IB)
L87--520a+520b+641+769+770 (Vincente 1995); provenance: Tell Leilan (Source TL)
IM 63095 (Finkelstein 1963); provenance: Tell Harmal (Source Go -- not used)
Ash WB 62 (OECT 2 4) (Source WB62 -- not used)

 

Copyright © Black, J.A., Cunningham, G., Fluckiger-Hawker, E, Robson, E., and Zólyomi, G., The Electronic Text Corpus of Sumerian Literature (http://www-etcsl.orient.ox.ac.uk/), Oxford 1998

Textes - Textes Antiques
Texte Anglais

The Sumerian king list

 

(in the following translation, mss. are referred to by the sigla used by Vincente 1995; from those listed there, mss. Fi, Go, P6, and WB 62 were not used; if not specified by a note, numerical data come from ms. WB)
1-39. After the kingship descended from heaven, the kingship was in Eridug. In Eridug, Alulim became king; he ruled for 28800 years. Alaljar ruled for 36000 years. 2 kings; they ruled for 64800 years. Then Eridug fell and the kingship was taken to Bad-tibira. In Bad-tibira, En-men-lu-ana ruled for 43200 years. En-men-gal-ana ruled for 28800 years. Dumuzid, the shepherd, ruled for 36000 years. 3 kings; they ruled for 108000 years. Then Bad-tibira fell (?) and the kingship was taken to Larag. In Larag, En-sipad-zid-ana ruled for 28800 years. 1 king; he ruled for 28800 years. Then Larag fell (?) and the kingship was taken to Zimbir. In Zimbir, En-men-dur-ana became king; he ruled for 21000 years. 1 king; he ruled for 21000 years. Then Zimbir fell (?) and the kingship was taken to Curuppag. In Curuppag, Ubara-Tutu became king; he ruled for 18600 years. 1 king; he ruled for 18600 years. In 5 cities 8 kings; they ruled for 241200 years. Then the flood swept over.

40-94. After the flood had swept over, and the kingship had descended from heaven, the kingship was in Kic. In Kic, Jucur became king; he ruled for 1200 years. Kullassina-bel ruled for {960} {(ms. P2+L2 has instead:) 900} years. Nanjiclicma ruled for (ms. P2+L2 has:) {670} (?) years. En-tarah-ana ruled for (ms. P2+L2 has:) {420} years ......, 3 months, and 3 1/2 days. Babum ...... ruled for (ms. P2+L2 has:) {300} years. Puannum ruled for {840} {(ms. P2+L2 has instead:) 240} years. Kalibum ruled for {960} {(ms. P2+L2 has instead:) 900} years. Kalumum ruled for {840} {(mss. P3+BT14, Su1 have instead:) 900} years. Zuqaqip ruled for {900} {(ms. Su1 has instead:) 600} years. (in mss. P2+L2, P3+BT14, P5, the 10th and 11th rulers of the dynasty precede the 8th and 9th) {Atab} {(mss. P2+L2, P3+BT14, P5 have instead:) A-ba} ruled for 600 years. Macda, the son of Atab, ruled for {840} {(ms. Su1 has instead:) 720} years. Arwium, the son of Macda, ruled for 720 years. Etana, the shepherd, who ascended to heaven and consolidated all the foreign countries, became king; he ruled for {1500} {(ms. P2+L2 has instead:) 635} years. Balih, the son of Etana, ruled for {400} {(mss. P2+L2, Su1 have instead:) 410} years. En-me-nuna ruled for {660} {(ms. P2+L2 has instead:) 621} years. Melem-Kic, the son of En-me-nuna, ruled for 900 years. {(ms. P3+BT14 adds:) 1560 are the years of the dynasty of En-me-nuna.} {Barsal-nuna, the son of En-me-nuna,} {(mss. P5, P3+BT14 have instead:) Barsal-nuna} ruled for 1200 years. Zamug, the son of Barsal-nuna, ruled for 140 years. Tizqar, the son of Zamug, ruled for 305 years. {(ms. P3+BT14 adds:) 1620 + X .......} Ilku ruled for 900 years. Iltasadum ruled for 1200 years. En-me-barage-si, who made the land of Elam submit, became king; he ruled for 900 years. Aga, the son of En-me-barage-si, ruled for 625 years. {(ms. P3+BT14 adds:) 1525 are the years of the dynasty of En-me-barage-si.} 23 kings; they ruled for 24510 years, 3 months, and 3 1/2 days. Then Kic was defeated and the kingship was taken to E-ana.

95-133. In E-ana, Mec-ki-aj-gacer, the son of Utu, became lord and king; he ruled for {324} {(ms. P2+L2 has instead:) 325} years. Mec-ki-aj-gacer entered the sea and disappeared. Enmerkar, the son of Mec-ki-aj-gacer, the king of Unug, {who built Unug} {(mss. L1+N1, P2+L2 have instead:) under whom Unug was built}, became king; he ruled for {420} {(ms. TL has instead:) 900 + X} years. {(ms. P3+BT14 adds:) 745 are the years of the dynasty of Mec-ki-aj-gacer.} {(ms TL adds instead:) ......; he ruled for 5 + X years.} Lugalbanda, the shepherd, ruled for 1200 years. Dumuzid, the fisherman whose city was Kuara, ruled for {100} {(ms. TL has instead:) 110} years. {(ms. P3+BT14 adds:) He captured En-me-barage-si single-handed.} Gilgamec, whose father was a phantom (?), the lord of Kulaba, ruled for 126 years. Ur-Nungal, the son of Gilgamec, ruled for 30 years. Udul-kalama, the son of {Ur-Nungal} {(ms. Su1 has instead:) Ur-lugal}, ruled for 15 years. La-ba'cum ruled for 9 years. En-nun-tarah-ana ruled for 8 years. Mec-he, the smith, ruled for 36 years. {Melem-ana} {(ms. Su2 has instead:) Til-kug (?) ......} ruled for {6} {(ms. Su2 has instead:) 900} years. Lugal-kitun (?) ruled for {36} {(ms. Su2 has instead:) 420} years. 12 kings; they ruled for {2310} {(ms. Su2 has instead:) 3588} years. Then Unug was defeated and the kingship was taken to Urim.

134-147. In Urim, Mec-Ane-pada became king; he ruled for 80 years. {Mec-ki-aj-Nanna} {(ms. P2+L2 has instead:) Mec-ki-aj-nuna}, the son of Mec-Ane-pada, became king; he ruled for {36} {(ms. P2+L2 has instead:) 30} years. Elulu ruled for (mss. L1+N1, P2+L2, P3+BT14 have:) {25} years. Balulu ruled for (mss. L1+N1, P2+L2, P3+BT14 have:) {36} years. (mss. L1+N1, P2+L2 have:) {4} kings; they ruled for (mss. L1+N1, P2+L2, P3+BT14 have:) {171} years. Then Urim was defeated and the kingship was taken to Awan.

148-159. In Awan, ...... became king; he ruled for ...... years. ...... ruled for ...... years. ...... ruled for 36 years. 3 kings; they ruled for 356 years. Then Awan was defeated and the kingship was taken to Kic.

160-178. In Kic, Susuda, the fuller, became king; he ruled for 201 + X years. Dadasig ruled for (ms. vD has:) {81} years. Mamagal, the boatman, ruled for {360} {(ms. L1+N1 has instead:) 420} years. Kalbum, the son of {Mamagal} {(ms. WB has instead:) Magalgal}, ruled for {195} {(ms. L1+N1 has instead:) 132} years. Tuge (?) ruled for 360 years. Men-nuna {,(ms. L1+N1 adds:) the son of Tuge (?),} ruled for 180 years. (in mss. L1+N1, TL, the 7th and 8th rulers of the dynasty are in reverse order) ...... ruled for 290 years. Lugalju ruled for {360} {(ms. L1+N1 has instead:) 420} years. 8 kings; they ruled for {3195} {(ms. L1+N1 has instead:) 3792} years. Then Kic was defeated and the kingship was taken to Hamazi.

179-185. In Hamazi, Hadanic became king; he ruled for 360 years. 1 king; he ruled for 360 years. Then Hamazi was defeated and the kingship {was taken} {(ms. P3+BT14 has instead:) was returned a second time} to Unug.

(in mss. IB, L1+N1, TL, the 2nd dynasty of Unug of lines 185-191 is preceded by the 2nd dynasty of Urim of lines 192-203)
186-192. In Unug, En-cag-kuc-ana became king; he ruled for 60 years. {Lugal-ure} {(ms. P3+BT14 has instead:) Lugal-kinice-dudu (?)} ruled for 120 years. Argandea ruled for 7 years. (ms. L1+N1 has:) {3} kings; they ruled for (ms. L1+N1 has:) {187} years. Then Unug was {defeated} {(ms. TL has instead:) destroyed} and the kingship was taken to Urim.

193-204. In Urim, Nanni became king; he ruled for {(ms. vD has:) 120 + X} {(ms. IB has instead:) 54 + X} years. Mec-ki-aj-Nanna, the son of Nanni, ruled for (ms. vD has:) {48} years. {......, the son (?) of ......, ruled for (ms. IB has:) {2} years. (ms. IB has:) {3} kings; they ruled for {(ms. IB has:) 582} {(ms. TL has instead:) 578} years.} {(ms. vD has instead:) 2 kings; they ruled for 120 + X years.} Then Urim was {defeated} {(ms. TL has instead:) destroyed} and the kingship was taken to Adab.

205-210. In Adab, Lugal-Ane-mundu became king; he ruled for (mss. L1+N1, TL have:) {90} years. (mss. L1+N1, TL have:) {1} king; he ruled for (mss. L1+N1, TL have:) {90} years. Then Adab was {defeated} {(ms. TL has instead:) destroyed} and the kingship was taken to Mari.

211-223. In Mari, Anbu (?) became king; he ruled for {30} {(ms. TL has instead:) 90} years. Anba (?), the son of Anbu (?), ruled for {17} {(ms. TL has instead:) 7} years. Bazi, the leatherworker, ruled for 30 years. Zizi, the fuller, ruled for 20 years. Limer, the gudug priest, ruled for 30 years. Carrum-iter ruled for {9} {(ms. TL has instead:) 7} years. 6 kings; they ruled for {136} {(ms. TL has instead:) 184} years. Then Mari was {defeated} {(ms. TL has instead:) destroyed} and the kingship was taken to Kic.

224-231. In Kic, Kug-Bau, the woman tavern-keeper, who made firm the foundations of Kic, became king; she ruled for 100 years. 1 king; she ruled for 100 years. Then Kic was {defeated} {(ms. TL has instead:) destroyed} and the kingship was taken to Akcak.

232-243. In Akcak, Unzi became king; he ruled for 30 years. Undalulu ruled for {6} {(mss. L1+N1, S have instead:) 12} years. Urur {ruled for} {(ms. IB has instead:) was king (?) for} 6 years. Puzur-Nirah ruled for (mss. IB, L1+N1, S, Su1 have:) {20} years. Icu-Il ruled for (mss. IB, L1+N1, S, Su1 have:) {24} years. Cu-Suen, the son of Icu-Il, ruled for {(mss. IB, L1+N1, S, TL have:) 7} {(ms. Su1 has instead:) 24} years. {(mss. S, Su1, TL have:) {6} kings; they ruled for {(mss. L1+N1, S, TL have:) 99} {(ms. Su1 has instead:) 116} years} {(ms. IB has instead:) 5 kings; they ruled for (ms. IB has:) {87} years}. {Then Akcak was defeated} {(ms. S has instead:) Then the reign of Akcak was abolished} and the kingship was taken to Kic.

(mss. IB, S, Su1, Su3+Su4 list the 3rd and 4th dynasty of Kic of lines 224-231 and lines 244-258, respectively, as one dynasty)
244-258. In Kic, Puzur-Suen, the son of Kug-Bau, became king; he ruled for 25 years. Ur-Zababa, the son of Puzur-Suen, ruled for {400} {(mss. P3+BT14, S have instead:) 6} {(ms. IB has instead:) 4 + X} years. {(ms. P3+BT14 adds:) 131 are the years of the dynasty of Kug-Bau.} {Zimudar} {(ms. TL has instead:) Ziju-iake} ruled for {30} {(ms. IB has instead:) 30 + X} years. Usi-watar, the son of {Zimudar} {(ms. TL has instead:) Ziju-iake}, ruled for {7} {(ms. S has instead:) 6} years. Ectar-muti ruled for {11} {(ms. Su1 has instead:) 17 (?)} years. Icme-Camac ruled for 11 years. {(ms. Su1 adds:) Cu-ilicu ruled for 15 years.} {Nanniya, the jeweller,} {(ms. Su1 has instead:) Zimudar} {(ms. IB has instead:) ......} ruled for {7} {(ms. S has instead:) 3} years. {7 kings; they ruled for {491} {(ms. Su1 has instead:) 485} years} {(ms. S has instead:) 8 kings; they ruled for (ms. S has:) {586} years}. {Then Kic was defeated} {(ms. S has instead:) Then the reign of Kic was abolished} and the kingship {was taken} {(ms. P3+BT14 has instead:) was returned a third time} to Unug.

(ms. IB omits the 3rd dynasty of Unug of lines 258-263)
259-265. In Unug, Lugal-zage-si became king; he ruled for {25} {(ms. P3+BT14 has instead:) 34} years. 1 king; he ruled for {25} {(ms. P3+BT14 has instead:) 34} years. {Then Unug was defeated} {(ms. S has instead:) Then the reign of Unug was abolished} and the kingship was taken to Agade.

266-296. In Agade, Sargon, whose father was a gardener, the cupbearer of Ur-Zababa, became king, the king of Agade, {who built Agade} {(ms. L1+N1 has instead:) under whom Agade was built}; he ruled for {56} {(ms. L1+N1 has instead:) 55} {(ms. TL has instead:) 54} years. Rimuc, the son of Sargon, ruled for {9} {(ms. IB has instead:) 7} {(ms. L1+N1 has instead:) 15} years. Man-icticcu, the older brother of Rimuc, the son of Sargon, ruled for {15} {(ms. L1+N1 has instead:) 7} years. Naram-Suen, the son of Man-icticcu, ruled for (mss. L1+N1, P3+BT14 have:) {56} years. Car-kali-carri, the son of Naram-Suen, ruled for {(ms. L1+N1, Su+Su4 have:) 25} {(ms. P3+BT14 has instead:) 24} years. {(ms. P3+BT14 adds:) 157 are the years of the dynasty of Sargon.} Then {who was the king? Who was not the king?} {(ms. Su3+Su4 has instead:) who was the king? Who indeed was the king?} Irgigi was king, Imi was king, Nanum was king (in mss. L1+N1, Su3+Su4, Imi and Nanum are in reverse order) , Ilulu was king, and the (mss. P3+BT14, S have:) {4} of them ruled for only (mss. P3+BT14, S have:) {3} years. Dudu ruled for 21 years. Cu-Durul, the son of Dudu, ruled for {15} {(ms. IB has instead:) 18} years. {11 kings; they ruled for 181 years} {(ms. S has instead:) 12 kings; they ruled for (ms. S has:) {197} years} {(mss. Su1, Su3+Su4, which omit Dudu and Cu-Durul, have instead:) 9 kings; they ruled for {(ms. Su1 has:) 161} {(ms. Su3+Su4 has instead:) 177} years}. {Then Agade was defeated} {(ms. S has instead:) Then the reign of Agade was abolished} and the kingship was taken to Unug.

297-307. In Unug, Ur-nijin became king; he ruled for {7} {(mss. IB, S have instead:) 3} {(ms. Su1 has instead:) 15} {(ms. Su3+Su4 has instead:) 30} years. Ur-gigir, the son of Ur-nijin, ruled for {6} {(ms. IB has instead:) 7} {(ms. Su1 has instead:) 15} {(ms. Su3+Su4 has instead:) 7} years. Kuda ruled for 6 years. Puzur-ili ruled for {5} {(ms. IB has instead:) 20} years. {Ur-Utu ruled for 6} {(ms. Su3+Su4 has instead:) Ur-Utu, the son of Ur-gigir, ruled for 25} {(ms. Su1 has instead:) Lugal-melem, the son of Ur-gigir, ruled for 7} years. {5 kings; they ruled for {30} {(ms. IB has instead:) 43} {(mss. P&s4;+Ha, S have instead:) 26} years} {(ms. Su3+Su4, which omits Kuda and Puzur-ili, has instead:) 3 kings; they ruled for (ms. Su3+Su4 has:) {47} years}. {Unug was defeated} {(ms. S has instead:) Then the reign of Unug was abolished} and the kingship was taken to the {army} {(ms. Su3+Su4 has instead:) land} of Gutium.

308-334. In the {army} {(ms. Su3+Su4 has instead:) land} of Gutium, at first {no king was famous; they were their own kings and ruled thus for 3 years} {(ms. L1+N1 has instead:) they had no king; they ruled themselves for 5 years}. Then {Inkicuc} {(ms. Su3+Su4 has instead:) ......} ruled for {6} {(ms. L1+Ni1 has instead:) 7} years. Zarlagab ruled for 6 years. {Culme} {(ms. L1+N1 has instead:) Yarlagac} ruled for 6 years. {Silulumec} {(ms. Mi has instead:) Silulu} ruled for {6} {(ms. G has instead:) 7} years. {Inimabakec ruled for 5} {(ms. Mi has instead:) Duga ruled for 6} years. {Igecauc ruled for 6} {(ms. Mi has instead:) Ilu-an (?) ruled for 3} years. Yarlagab ruled for {15} {(ms. Mi has instead:) 5} years. Ibate ruled for 3 years. {Yarla} {(ms. L1+N1 has instead:) Yarlangab (?)} ruled for 3 years. {Kurum} {(ms. L1+N1 has instead:) ......} ruled for {1} {(ms. Mi has instead:) 3} years. Apilkin ruled for 3 years. La-erabum (?) ruled for 2 years. Irarum ruled for 2 years. Ibranum ruled for 1 year. Hablum ruled for 2 years. Puzur-Suen, the son of Hablum, ruled for 7 years. Yarlaganda ruled for 7 years. ...... ruled for 7 years. Tirigan (?) ruled for 40 days. 21 kings; they ruled for {(ms. L1+N1 has:) 124 years and 40 days} {(ms. Su3+Su4 has instead:) 25 years}. Then the army of Gutium was {defeated} {(ms. TL has instead:) destroyed} and the kingship was taken to Unug.

335-340. In Unug, Utu-hejal became king; he ruled for {427 years, ...... days} {(ms. IB has instead:) 26 years, 2 + X months, and 15 days} {(ms. J has instead:) 7 years, 6 months, and 15 days} {(ms. TL has instead:) 7 years, 6 months, and 5 days}. 1 king; he ruled for {427 years, ...... days} {(ms. J has instead:) 7 years, 6 months, and 15 days} {(ms. TL has instead:) 7 years, 6 months, and 5 days}. Then Unug was defeated and the kingship was taken to Urim.

341-354. In Urim, Ur-Namma became king; he ruled for 18 years. Culgi, the son of Ur-Namma, ruled for {46} {(mss. Su3+Su4, TL have instead:) 48} {(ms. P5 has instead:) 58} years. Amar-Suena, the son of Culgi, ruled for {9} {(ms. Su3+Su4 has instead:) 25} years. Cu-Suen, the son of Amar-Suena, ruled for {9} {(ms. P5 has instead:) 7} {(ms. Su1 has instead:) 20 + X} {(ms. Su3+Su4 has instead:) 16} years. Ibbi-Suen, the son of Cu-Suen, ruled for {24} {(mss. P5, Su1 have instead:) 25} {(ms. Su3+Su4 has instead:) 15} {(ms. TL has instead:) 23 (?)} years. {4 kings; they ruled for 108 years} {(mss. J, P5, Su1, Su3+Su4 have instead:) 5 kings; they ruled for {(ms. P5 has:) 117} {(ms. Su1 has instead:) 120 + X} {(ms. Su3+Su4 has instead:) 123} years}. {Then Urim was defeated} {(ms. P5 has instead:) Then the reign of Urim was abolished}. {(ms. Su3+Su4 adds:) The very foundation of Sumer was torn out (?).} The kingship was taken to Isin.

355-377. In Isin, Icbi-Erra became king; he ruled for {33} {(ms. P5 has instead:) 32} years. Cu-ilicu, the son of Icbi-Erra, ruled for {20} {(ms. P5 has instead:) 10} {(ms. Su1 has instead:) 15} years. Iddin-Dagan, the son of Cu-ilicu, ruled for {21} {(ms. Su1 has instead:) 25} years. Icme-Dagan, the son of Iddin-Dagan, ruled for {(mss. P2, P5 have:) 20} {(ms. Mi has instead:) 18} years. Lipit-Ectar, the son of {Icme-Dagan} {(ms. P2 has instead:) Iddin-Dagan}, ruled for (mss. L1+N1, P2, P5 have:) {11} years. Ur-Ninurta {(mss. L1+N1, P2 add:) , the son of Ickur -- may he have years of abundance, a good reign, and a sweet life --} ruled for (ms. P5 has:) {28} years. Bur-Suen, the son of Ur-Ninurta, ruled for 21 years. Lipit-Enlil, the son of Bur-Suen, ruled for 5 years. Erra-imitti ruled for {8} {(mss. P5, TL have instead:) 7} years. {(ms. P5 adds:) ...... ruled for ...... 6 months.} Enlil-bani ruled for 24 years. Zambiya ruled for 3 years. Iter-pica ruled for 4 years. Ur-du-kuga ruled for 4 years. Suen-magir ruled for 11 years. {(ms. P5 adds:) Damiq-ilicu, the son of Suen-magir, ruled for 23 years.} 14 kings; they ruled for {203 years} {(ms. P5 has instead:) 225 years and 6 months}.

(mss. P2+L2, L1+N1 and P4+Ha conclude with a summary of the post-diluvian dynasties; the translation of lines 378-431 uses numerical data from each mss. but follows the wording of P2+L2 and L1+N1)
378-431. A total of 39 kings ruled for 14409 + X years, 3 months and 3 1/2 days, 4 times in Kic. A total of 22 kings ruled for 2610 + X years, 6 months and 15 days, 5 times in Unug. A total of 12 kings ruled for 396 years, 3 times in Urim. A total of 3 kings ruled for 356 years, once in Awan. A total of 1 king ruled for 420 years, once in Hamazi. 
16 lines missing
A total of 12 (?) kings ruled for 197 (?) years, once in Agade. A total of {21} {(ms. P4+Ha has instead:) 23} kings ruled for {125 years and 40 days} {(ms. P4+Ha has instead:) 99 years}, once in the army of Gutium. A total of {11} {(ms. P4+Ha has instead:) 16} kings ruled for {159} {(ms. P4+Ha has instead:) 226} years, once in Isin. There are 11 cities, cities in which the kingship was exercised. A total of {134} {(ms. P4+Ha has instead:) 139} kings, who altogether ruled for {28876 + X} {(ms. P4+Ha has instead:) 3443 + X} years. 21.

 

Copyright © Black, J.A., Cunningham, G., Fluckiger-Hawker, E, Robson, E., and Zólyomi, G., The Electronic Text Corpus of Sumerian Literature (http://www-etcsl.orient.ox.ac.uk/), Oxford 1998

Texte Français

Dynastie archaïque I

Ces rois légendaires antédiluviens régnèrent avant 2900 av. J.-C. Leurs règnes étaient mesurés en sars (période de 3 600 ans) et en ners (période de 600 ans).

« Après que la royauté descendit du ciel, elle alla à Eridug. À Eridug, Alulim devint roi pour un règne de 8 sars. »

 

Rois sumériens avant le déluge

  • Alulim d'Eridu : 28 800 ans (8 sars)
  • Alalgar d'Eridu : 36 000 ans (10 sars)
  • En-men-lu-ana de Bad-Tibira : 43 200 ans (12 sars)
  • En-men-gal-ana de Bad-Tibira : 28 800 ans (8 sars)
  • Dumuzid de Bad-Tibira : 36 000 ans (10 sars)
  • En-sipad-zid-ana de Larak : 28 800 ans (8 sars)
  • En-men-dur-ana de Sippar : 21 000 ans (5 sars et 5 ners)
  • Ubara-Tutu de Shuruppak : 18 600 ans (5 sars et 1 ner)
  • Ziusudra de Shuruppak : 36 000 ans

 

Dynastie archaïque II

Comme les précédents, ces rois sont peut-être mythologiques.

« Après le Déluge, la royauté passa à Kish. »

 

Première dynastie de Kish

  • Jushur de Kish : 1 200 ans
  • Kullassina-bel de Kish : 960 ans
  • Nangishlishma de Kish : 670 ans
  • En-Tarah-Ana de Kish : 420 ans
  • Babum de Kish : 300 ans
  • Puannum de Kish : 840 ans
  • Kalibum de Kish : 960 ans
  • Kalumum de Kish : 840 ans
  • Zuqaqip de Kish : 900 ans
  • Atab de Kish : 600 ans
  • Mashda de Kish : 840 ans
  • Arwium de Kish : 720 ans
  • Etana de Kish, le pasteur, qui est monté au Ciel et a mis de l'ordre dans tous les pays : 1500 ans
  • Balih de Kish : 400 ans
  • En-Me-Nuna de Kish : 660 ans
  • Melem-Kish de Kish : 900 ans
  • Barsal-Nuna de Kish : 1 200 ans
  • Zamug de Kish : 140 ans
  • Tizqar de Kish : 305 ans
  • Ilku de Kish : 900 ans
  • Iltasadum de Kish : 1 200 ans
  • En-Men-Barage-Si de Kish, qui conquit l'Élam : 900 ans
  • Agga de Kish : 625 ans


« Ensuite Kish fut défait et la royauté passa à Eanna (Uruk). »

 

Première dynastie d'Uruk

  • Mesh-ki-ang-gasher de Eanna, fils d'Utu : 324 ans.

              « Mesh-ki-ang-gasher avança loin dans la mer et disparut. »

  • Enmerkar, qui fonda Unug : 420 ans
  • Lugalbanda d'Unug, le berger : 1200 ans
  • Dumuzid d'Unug, le pêcheur : 100 ans. Captura a En-Me-Barage-Si de Kish.
  • Gilgamesh, seigneur de Kulaba : 126 ans (vers 2650)
  • Ur-Nungal d'Unug : 30 ans
  • Udul-Kalama d'Unug : 15 ans
  • A-Ba'shum d'Unug : 9 ans
  • En-Nun-Tarah-Ana d'Unug : 8 ans
  • Mesh-He d'Unug : 36 ans
  • Melem-Ana d'Unug : 6 ans
  • Lugal-Kitun d'Unug : 36 ans

« Ensuite Unug (Uruk) fut défait et la royauté passa à Urim (Ur). »

 

Première dynastie d'Ur

  • Mesh-Ane-Pada d'Urim : 80 ans
  • Mesh-Ki-Ang-Nanna d'Urim : 36 ans
  • Elulu d'Urim : 25 ans
  • Balulu d'Urim : 36 ans

« Ensuite Urim (Ur) fut défait et la royauté passa à Awan. »

 

Dynastie archaïque III

La Première dynastie de Lagash n'est pas mentionnée dans la liste des rois.

 

Dynastie d'Awan

  • Les trois rois de Awan gouvernèrent au total 356 ans

« Ensuite Awan fut défait et la royauté passa à Kish. »

 

Seconde dynastie de Kish

  • Susuda de Kish : 201 ans
  • Dadasig de Kish : 81 ans
  • Mamagal de Kish : 360 ans
  • Kalbum de Kish : 195 ans
  • Tuge de Kish : 360 ans
  • Men-Nuna de Kish : 180 ans
  •  ? de Kish : 290 ans
  • Lugalngu de Kish : 360 ans

« Ensuite Kish fut défait et la royauté passa à Hamazi. »

 

Dynastie de Hamazi

  • Hadanish de Hamazi : 360 ans

« Ensuite Hamazi fut défait et la royauté passa à Unug (Uruk). »

 

Seconde dynastie d'Uruk

  • En-Shakansha-Ana d'Unug : 60 ans
  • Lugal-Ure d'Unug : 120 ans
  • Argandea d'Unug : 7 ans

« Ensuite Unug (Uruk) fut défait et la royauté passa à Urim (Ur). »

 

Seconde dynastie d'Ur

  • Nanni d'Urim : 120 ans
  • Mesh-Ki-Ang-Nanna d'Urim : 48 ans
  •  ? d'Urim : 2 ans

« Ensuite Urim (Ur) fut défait et la royauté passa à Adab. »

 

Dynastie d'Adab

  • Lugal-Ane-Mundu d'Adab : 90 ans

« Ensuite Adab fut défait et la royauté passa à Mari. »

 

Dynastie de Mari

  • Anbu de Mari : 30 ans
  • Anba de Mari : 17 ans
  • Bazi de Mari : 30 ans
  • Zizi de Mari : 20 ans
  • Limer de Mari : 30 ans
  • Sharrum-Iter de Mari : 9 ans

« Ensuite Mari fut défait et la royauté passa à Kish. »

 

Troisième dynastie de Kish

  • Kug-Baba de Kish : 100 ans (Kug-Baba femme aubergiste, fonda Kish)

« Ensuite Kish fut défait et la royauté passa à Akshak. »

 

Dynastie d'Akshak

  • Unzi d'Akshak : 30 ans
  • Undalulu d'Akshak : 6 ans
  • Urur d'Akshak : 6 ans
  • Puzur-Nirah d'Akshak : 20 ans
  • Ishu-Il d'Akshak : 24 ans
  • Shu-Sin d'Akshak : 7 ans

« Ensuite Akshak fut défait et la royauté passa à Kish. »

 

Quatrième dynastie de Kish

  • Puzur-Sin de Kish : 25 ans
  • Ur-Zababa de Kish : 400 (6 ?) ans
  • Zimudar de Kish : 30 ans
  • Ussi-Watar de Kish : 7 ans
  • Eshtar-Muti de Kish : 11 ans
  • Ishme-Shamash de Kish : 11 ans
  • Shu-Ilishu de Kish : 15 ans
  • Nanniya de Kish : 7 ans

« Ensuite Kish fut défait et la royauté passa à Unug (Uruk). »

 

Troisième dynastie d'Uruk

  • Lugal-Zage-Si d'Unug : 25 ans (de 2259 à 2235, selon une chronologie courte), met en déroute Urukagina, patési de Lagash

 

Empire d'Akkad

  • Sargon, dont le père était jardinier, échanson de Ur-Zababa, le roi (premier empereur) de Agade, il fonda Agade : 56 ans (vers 2235, selon une chronologie courte)
  • Rimush, le plus jeune fils de Sargon : 9 ans
  • Manishtusu, le fils le plus âgé de Sargon : 15 ans
  • Naram-Sin, fils de Man-Ishtishu : 56 ans
  • Shar-kali-sharri, fils de Naram-Sin : 25 ans

             « Après qui fut roi ? Qui fut le roi ? »

  • Irgigi, Imi, Nanum, Ilulu : les quatre gouvernèrent simultanément durant trois ans
  • Dudu : 21 ans
  • Shu-turul, fils de Dudu : 15 ans

« Ensuite Agadé (Akkad) fut défait et la royauté passa à Unug (Uruk). »

 

Quatrième dynastie d'Uruk

Elle gouverna probablement la Basse Mésopotamie en même temps que la dynastie d'Akkad.

  • Ur-Ningin d'Unug : 7 ans
  • Ur-Gigir d'Unug : 6 ans
  • Kuda d'Unug : 6 ans
  • Puzur-Ili d'Unug : 5 ans
  • Ur-Utu (ou Lugal-Melem) d'Unug : 25 ans

« Ensuite Unug (Uruk) fut défait et la royauté passa aux Gutis. »

 

Période guti

La liste de la dynastie guti donnée par la Liste des rois sumériens ne correspond pas entièrement à la réalité historique telle que d'autres sources permettent de la reconstituer.

  • Inkishush de Gutium : 6 ans
  • Zarlagab de Gutium : 6 ans
  • Shulme (ou Yarlagash) de Gutium : 6 ans
  • Silulumesh (ou Silulu) de Gutium : 6 ans
  • Inimabakesh (ou Duga) de Gutium : 5 ans
  • Igeshaush (ou Ilu-An) de Gutium : 6 ans
  • Yarlagab de Gutium : 3 ans
  • Ibate de Gutium : 3 ans
  • Yarla de Gutium : 3 ans
  • Kurum de Gutium : 1 an
  • Apil-Kin de Gutium : 3 ans
  • A-Erabum de Gutium : 2 ans
  • Irarum de Gutium : 2 ans
  • Ibranum de Gutium : 1 an
  • Hablum de Gutium : 2 ans
  • Puzur-Sin de Gutium : 7 ans
  • Yarlaganda de Gutium : 7 ans
  •  ? de Gutium : 7 ans
  • Tiriga de Gutium : 40 jours

 

Uruk

 

Cinquième dynastie d'Uruk

  • Utu-hegal de Unug, expulsa les Gutis

 

Troisième dynastie d'Ur

  • Ur-Nammu d'Urim : 18 ans gouverna de 2065 à 2047 (selon une chronologie courte)
  • Shulgi : 46 ans gouverna de 2047 à 1999 (selon une chronologie courte)
  • Amar-Sîn d'Urim : 9 ans
  • Shu-Sin d'Urim : 9 ans
  • Ibbi-Sin d'Urim : 24 ans

« Ensuite Urim fut défait et la royauté passa à Isín. »

 

Dynastie d'Isin

État amorite indépendant de Basse Mésopotamie. La dynastie s'éteignit vers 1730 (selon une chronologie courte).

  • Išbi-Erra de Isín : 33 ans
  • Šu-ilišu de Isín : 20 ans
  • Iddin-Dagan de Isín : 20 ans
  • Išme-Dagan de Isín : 20 ans
  • Lipit-Ištar de Isín : 11 ans
  • Ur-Ninurta de Isín (fille de Ishkur) : 28 ans
  • Bur-Sīn de Isín : 5 ans
  • Lipit-Enlil de Isín : 5 ans
  • Erra-imitti de Isín : 8 ans
  • Enlil-bāni de Isín : 24 ans
  • Zambiya de Isín : 3 ans
  • Itēr-piša de Isín : 4 ans
  • Ur-Dukuga de Isín : 4 ans
  • Sîn-mâgir de Isín : 23 ans

           

« 11 cités se succédèrent pour exercer la royauté, représentant un total 134 rois et approximativement 28 876 années de règne. »

 

(Source: Wikipédia ; sous Licence CC BY-SA 3.0)






Sources secondaires - Textes Antiques

 


Video


 

[Serie] Alien Theory - S06
E03 "L'Influence des Anunnaki"

14. Liste royale sumérienne 
Durée de Vie longue Noé,....

 

[Serie] Alien Theory - S11
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 23. Liste Royale Sumérienne 

 


Livre


 

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104.Liste royale sumérienne (cataloguées WB-62 et WB-444 par Stephen Langdon dans ses Éditions Oxford des textes cunéiformes, 1923)
UCBC-9-1819, Ni-8195, Bagdad-63095